The decade began with The Beatles hanging up their instruments and the Ramones and Sex Pistols battling it out claiming ownership of punk. Indira Ghandi won her second term in office and Nixon paid a visit to the Great Wall of China. By 1972 the world was horrified by Nick Ut’s photograph of children running from the site of a napalm attack in the Vietnam War. Jane Fonda traded in Hollywood for Hanoi while the Cold War was battled on the chessboard.
Second-wave feminism was well on its way in the seventies when Gloria Steinem and Dorothy Pitman-Hughes threw their fists into the air in solidarity. In 1971, Coretta Scott King expanded the Civil Rights movement to include women’s rights. Linda Nochlin’s essay “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?” would be recognized as a pioneering text in feminist art history. Steinem and Letty Cottin Pogrebin launched Ms. Magazine (1972) and Roe v. Wade Supreme Court of the United States ruled in Roe v. Wade that laws prohibiting abortion are unconstitutional (1973).
In 1975, TIME magazine awarded it’s ‘Man of the Year’ to women recognizing the strides of the liberation movement, the first “Take Back the Night” march is held, Patti Smith’s debut album Horses is released and Gilda Radner is the first comedian to be cast for a sketch comedy show on NBC called Saturday Night Live.By 1976 Barbara Walters made headlines as the first woman to co-anchor a major network evening news cast and the following year Walters would report the assassination of Harvey Milk and in 1978 welcome Karol Jozef Wojtyla as Pope John Paul the II. By the time Margaret Thatcher was elected as Britain’s first female Prime Minister, 1980 was only a few months away.